Fizyka Zderzeń Ciężkich Jonów - Heavy Ion Physics

Class lecturer: Associate Professor Katarzyna Grebieszkow

Aim to: Graduate

Period: Lato - Summer



  • Lecture 1 - Why do we need high energy? Scales and units used. Elementary particles. Particle classification.
  • Lecture 2 - Interactions (replacement of virtual media), laws of behavior, Feynman diagrams. Deep inelastic e + N scattering, neutrino + N, hadron jet production, structure functions.
  • Lecture 3 - Standard Model and unification of interactions. Interdisciplinary nature of relativistic heavy ion collisions. Kinematic variables (pL, pT, y, eta, mT, xF).
  • Lecture 4 - Accelerators, detectors and detector systems in heavy ion collision physics, detector acceptance. Identification of particles. R. Sarnecki "Budowa i działanie detektorów cząstek elementarnych"
  • Lecture 5 - Production of particles in nucleon + nucleon (N + N) collisions, cross-sections, folds, kinematic distributions. Particle production models (cascade, string).
  • Lecture 6 - Nucleus + nucleus (A + A) collisions, Glauber model, collision parameter, centrality, spectators and participants, wounded nucleon model. Global (ET distribution, fold) and kinematic (pT, y) characteristics group production in A + A collisions.
  • Lecture 7 - Basics of quantum chromodynamics, constant coupling of strong units, asymptotic freedom. Quark-gluon plasma. Time-space scheme of the evolution of a heavy-ion collision (the so-called Small Explosion Model). Work model.
  • Lecture 8 - Big Bang Model. The phase diagram strongly influence matter. Network bills for phase transition conditions, energy density as a function of temperature. Phase transition order and critical point in the phase diagram.
  • Lecture 9 - Bjorken hydrodynamic model and energy density. Hagedorn model (+ expansion) and blast-wave model for determining the temperature of thermal freezing. Chemical freezing temperature and baryon chemical potential from the hadron gas model.
  • Lecture 10 - Basic quark-gluon plasma signatures: 1. Production of photons covered 2. Production of low-mass leptons (dileptones) 3. Loss suppression (Debye shielding) 4. Strengthening the production of weirdness 5. Production of materials in the Early Stage Statistical Model (SMES).
  • Lecture 11 - Collective effects - flow (directed, elliptical). Hadron femtoscopy and source sizes.
  • Lecture 12 - Dynamic fluctuations and correlations (multiplicity of particles, particle ratios, transverse momentum).
  • Lecture 13 - Jet production in nuclear collisions: 1. Factors related to nuclear. 2. Two-particle correlations in azimuth angles.

The word at the end, which is not quite a summary of the lecture series (note: the drawings overlap, should be viewed as a slide show). HERE


  • T. Pawlak - wykłady "Wstęp do fizyki jądrowej".
  • A. K. Wróblewski - wykłady "Fizyka cząstek elementarnych i wysokich energii"; IV rok Wydział Fizyki UW.
  • Przygoda z cząstkami - bardzo kolorowa i zabawna witryna o Modelu Standardowym, z której wbrew pozorom korzystają nie tylko dzieci ;-) Zawiera wersję polską i angielską.
  • Elektroniczna bibioteka z publikacjami (arXiv) - prace teoretyczne i doświadczalne.
  • D. H. Perkins "Wstęp do fizyki Wysokich Energii" PWN 2004 (lub wydania angielskie).
  • E. Skrzypczak, Z. Szefliński "Wstęp do Fizyki Jądrowej i Cząstek Elementarnych".
  • Cheuk-Yin Wong "Introduction to High-Energy Heavy-Ion Collisions" World Scientific (1994).
  • J. Bartke "Introduction to Relativistic Heavy Ion Physics" World Scientific (2009).
  • W. Florkowski "Phenomenology of Ultra-Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collisions" World Scientific (2010).
  • J. Kapusta, B. Muller, J. Rafelski "Quark-Gluon Plasma. Theoretical Foundations".
  • F. Close "Kosmiczna Cebula" - popularno-naukowa.
  • Szkoła Fizyki Wysokich Energii dla doktorantów (European (CERN-JINR) School of High Energy Physics); wykłady zarówno z fizyki wysokich energii jak i zderzeń ciężkich jonów.
  • Particle Data Group - tablice cząstek elementarnych (oraz National Nuclear Data Center)
  • M. Słodkowski - wykład "Modelowanie Procesów jądrowych".
  • V. Begun, wykłady "Fizyka statystyczna w wysokoenergetycznych zderzeniach jądrowych" (wykład 1wykład 2wykład 3).
Fizyka Zderzeń Ciężkich Jonów - Heavy Ion Physics
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